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The Scottish Parliament was formed in 1999. It sits in Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland.
During the reign of Henry VIII, Wales became formally united with England by the Act for the Government of Wales. The Welsh sent representatives to the House of Commons and the Welsh legal system was reformed.
The countries that make up the UK all have flowers which are particularly associated with them and which are sometimes worn on national saints’ days:
You can write to your local MP in advance to ask for tickets or you can queue on the day at the public entrance. Entrance is free. Sometimes there are long queues for the House of Commons and people have to wait for at least one or two hours.
Big Ben is the nickname for the great bell of the clock at the Houses of Parliament in London. Many people call the clock Big Ben as well.
The police are organised into a number of separate police forces headed by Chief Constables. They are independent of the government.
In November 2012, the public elected Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) in England and Wales.
The UN was set up after the Second World War and aims to prevent war and promote international peace and security.
The voting franchise was extended to women over 30, and then in 1928 to men and women over 21. In 1969, the voting age was reduced to 18 for men and women.
Judges (who are together called ‘the judiciary’) are responsible for interpreting the law and ensuring that trials are conducted fairly. The government cannot interfere with this.
The National Assembly has 60 Assembly members (AMs) and elections are held every four years using a form of proportional representation.
The Romans remained in Britain for 400 years.
The UK is historically a Christian country. In the 2009 Citizenship Survey, 70% of people identified themselves as Christian.
One of the tribal leaders who fought against the Romans was Boudicca, the queen of the Iceni in what is now eastern England. She is still remembered today and there is a statue of her on Westminster Bridge in London, near the Houses of Parliament.
Florence Nightingale was born in Italy to English parents.
Many local authorities appoint a mayor, who is the ceremonial leader of the council. In some towns, a mayor is elected to be the effective leader of the administration.
In 1815, the French Wars ended with the defeat of the Emperor Napoleon by the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo.
The electoral register is updated every year in September or October.
Is the statement below True or False.
Living people can donate a kidney.
You can register to be an organ donor at organdonation.nhs.uk. Living people can also donate a kidney.
Valentine’s Day, 14 February, is when lovers exchange cards and gifts. Sometimes people send anonymous cards to someone they secretly admire.
There is a very long history of horse racing in Britain, with evidence of events taking place as far back as Roman times.
The fundamental principles of British life include:
Films were first shown publicly in the UK in 1896 and film screenings very quickly became popular.
Selling tobacco: it is illegal to sell tobacco products (for example, cigarettes, cigars, roll-up tobacco) to anyone under the age of 18.
St Augustine led missionaries from Rome, who spread Christianity in the south. St Augustine became the first Archbishop of Canterbury.
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