The UK and international institutions, The Commonwealth, The European Union, The United Nations, NATO
The Commonwealth is an association of countries that support each other and work together towards shared goals in democracy and development. Most member states were once part of the British Empire, although a few countries which were not have also joined.
The Queen is the ceremonial head of the Commonwealth, which currently has 54 member states. Membership is voluntary. The Commonwealth has no power over its members, although it can suspend membership. The Commonwealth is based on the core values of democracy, good government and the rule of law.
|Antigua and Barbuda||Australia||The Bahamas|
|Fiji (currently suspended)||The Gambia||Ghana|
|Papua New Guinea||Rwanda||Samoa|
|Solomon Islands||South Africa||Sri Lanka|
|St Kitts and Nevis||St Lucia||St Vincent and the Grenadines|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Tuvalu||Uganda|
The European Union
The European Union (EU), originally called the European Economic Community (EEC), was set up by six western European countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands) who signed the Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957. The UK originally decided not to join this group but it became a member in 1973. There are now 27 EU member states. Croatia will also become a member state in 2013.
EU member states:
EU law is legally binding in the UK and all the EU member states. European laws are called directives, regulations or framework decisions.
The Council of Europe:
The Council of Europe is separate from the EU. It has 47 member countries, including the UK, and is responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights in those countries. It has no power to make laws but draws up conventions and charters, the most well-known of which is the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, usually called the European Convention on Human Rights.
The United Nations:
The UK is part of the United Nations (UN), an international organization with more than 190 countries as members.
The UN was set up after the Second World War and aims to prevent war and promote international peace and security. There are 15 members on the UN Security Council, which recommends action when there are international crises and threats to peace. The UK is one of five permanent members of the Security Council.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO):
The UK is also a member of NATO. NATO is a group of European and North American countries that have agreed to help each other if they come under attack. It also aims to maintain peace between all of its members.
Check that you understand:
• What the Commonwealth is and its role
• Other international organisations of which the UK is a member
Free Life in the UK Practice Tests 2017
|3rd Edition Practice Tests||Take Life in the UK Test|
|New 3rd Edition Tests 2019||Take Life in the UK Test|
|UK Citizenship Tests||Take Life in the UK Test|
|Life in the UK Mock Test||Take Life in the UK Test|
|New Free Practice Tests 2019||Take Life in the UK Test|
|British Citizenship Tests||Take Life in the UK Test|
|Free Practice Tests||Take Life in the UK Test|
|Values and Principles of the UK||Take Life in the UK Test|
|What is The UK||Take Life in the UK Test|
|A Long and Illustrious History||Take Life in the UK Test|
|A Modern Thriving Society||Take Life in the UK Test|
|UK Government, The Law and Your Role||Take Life in the UK Test|
Life in the UK Test Study Guide
|» The Values and Principles of the UK|
|» What is the UK|
|» A Long and Illustrious History|
|A Modern, Thriving Society|
|The UK Government, the Law and your Role|