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Rugby originated in England in the early 19th century and is a popular sport in the UK today.
The 1960s (‘Swinging Sixties’) are associated with rapid social change, with improved standards of living and the emergence of young people as a social force. This is reflected in the growth of fashion, music and cinema.
National parks are areas of protected countryside that everyone can visit, and where people live, work and look after the landscape. There are 15 national parks in England, Wales and Scotland.
A jury is made up of members of the public chosen at random from the electoral register.
Mince pies are traditionally eaten at Christmas time. People also eat roast turkey and Christmas pudding.
Henry VIII is famous for breaking away from the Catholic Church of Rome and marrying six times.
The £50 note is the highest-value note in circulation. Other denominations (values) of British notes are £5, £10 and £20.
Being a school governor or school board member is a voluntary, unpaid activity. These roles play an important part in raising school standards.
The Queen is ceremonial head of the Commonwealth association of countries, which currently has 54 member states.
The official home of the Prime Minister is 10 Downing Street in central London. The Prime Minister also has a country house called Chequers.
The capital city of Wales is Cardiff.
William Blake, Lord Byron and Robert Browning were all 19th-century poets.
In Scotland a jury has 15 members. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland a jury has 12 members.
Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church of Rome when it refused him a divorce. He established his own church that became the Church of England.
Criminal law relates to crimes that are usually investigated by the police or another authority such as a council, and which are punishable by the courts Such crimes include racial crimes and selling tobacco to anyone under the age of 18.
Bonfire Night takes place on 5 November and people set off fireworks at home or in special displays. Remembrance Day is held on 11 November and commemorates those who died fighting for the UK and its allies.
The Prime Minister has the power to nominate peers for their own lifetime. These are called life peers. They are appointed by the monarch.
In 1215 King John was forced by his noblemen to agree to the Magna Carta, which limited the powers of the monarchy.
Charles Dickens wrote a number of famous novels, including Oliver Twist and Great Expectations.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was a famous Victorian engineer who built railway lines, bridges, tunnels and ships.
The 1921 treaty led to Ireland being divided into two parts, Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State.
The Premier League is the top league in English football and attracts a huge international audience. Many UK teams also compete in the UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) Champions League against other teams from Europe.
The Reform Act of 1832 gave the vote to more men. Women did not achieve the right to vote until 1918.
The National Trust in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the National Trust for Scotland, work to preserve important buildings, coastline and countryside.
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