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Almost everybody in the UK who is in paid employment, including self-employed people, must pay National Insurance Contributions. The money raised is used to pay for state benefits and services such as the state retirement pension and the National Health Service (NHS).
George and Robert Stephenson were famous pioneers of early railway engines.
The last successful invasion of England was in 1066 by William of Normandy.
If your car is over three years old, you must take it for a Ministry of Transport (MOT) test every year. If the vehicle is new, it will need an MOT test after three years, and then every year.
The term ‘suffragettes’ relates to those who wanted women to gain legal rights and the right to vote in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Getting to know your neighbours can help you to become part of the community and make friends. Your neighbours are also a good source of help.
Winston Churchill was the British Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945, during the Second World War.
John Constable was a famous British landscape painter.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a Scottish writer, best known for his stories about Sherlock Holmes. J K Rowling wrote the Harry Potter series of children’s books.
St Patrick, the patron saint of Northern Ireland (and the Republic of Ireland), has a special day on 17 March.
Sir Steve Redgrave is a famous rower who won gold medals in five consecutive Olympic Games.
In the UK, you must be at least 17 years old to drive a car or motor cycle and you must have a driving licence to drive on public roads.
During the reign of Queen Victoria, the British Empire grew to cover India, Australia and large parts of Africa. It became the largest empire the world has ever seen, with an estimated population of 400 million people.
There are several British overseas territories in other parts of the world, such as the Falkland Islands.
British society is founded on fundamental values and principles which all those living in the UK should respect and support. This includes participating in community life.
Andy Murray is a Scottish tennis player and the first British man to win a singles tennis title in a Grand Slam tournament since 1936.
Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) was a famous author and poet, whose best-known novels include Far from the Madding Crowd and Jude the Obscure.
All young people in the UK are sent a National Insurance number just before their 16th birthday. It ensures that the National Insurance Contributions and tax you pay are properly recorded against your name.
Some powers have been devolved from central government to give people in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland more control over matters that directly affect them. Some policy and laws remain under central UK government control.
Drivers can use their driving licence up until the age of 70. After that, the licence is valid for three years at a time.
There are several British overseas territories in other parts of the world, such as the Falkland Islands and St Helena. They are linked to the UK but not part of it.
The UK offers citizens and permanent residents various freedoms and rights, including freedom of speech.
The English were defeated at the Battle of Bannockburn by Robert the Bruce in 1314.
Members of the House of Lords are not elected by the people and do not represent a constituency.
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