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Florence Nightingale treated soldiers who were fighting in the Crimean War. She later established the Nightingale Training School for nurses at St Thomas’ Hospital in London.
The Romans ruled Britain for almost 400 years, from AD 43 to AD 410.
The UK Parliament is formed by the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
MPs are elected through a system called ‘first past the post’. This means that in each constituency, the candidate who gets the most votes is elected.
Emmeline Pankhurst (1858–1928) was the leader of the women’s suffrage movement that campaigned for women to be given the vote. Her supporters were called ‘suffragettes’.
Football has a long history in the UK and the first professional football clubs were formed in the late 19th century.
Among the many plays that Shakespeare wrote are A Midsummer Night’s Dream and Romeo and Juliet.
Halloween is an ancient festival and has its roots in the pagan festival to mark the beginning of winter.
Lent is a time when Christians take time to reflect and prepare for Easter. Traditionally, people would fast during this period and today many people will give something up, like a favourite food.
A jury has to listen to the evidence presented at the trial and then decide a verdict of ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’, based on what they have heard.
The UK is a member of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization!. NATO is a group of European and North American countries that have agreed to help each other if they come under attack.
Many sailing events are held throughout the UK, the most famous of which is at Cowes on the Isle of Wight.
St Augustine and St Columba were early Christian missionaries who came to Britain to preach about Christianity. St Columba founded a monastery on the Isle of lona. St Augustine spread Christianity in the south and became the first archbishop of Canterbury.
The devolved administrations in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland can pass laws on matters that directly affect them, including health and education.
Big Ben is the nickname of the great bell at the Houses of Parliament in London. Many people call the clock Big Ben as well.
County Courts deal with a wide range of civil disputes, including divorce and other family matters, and breaches of contract.
"Great Britain" refers only to England, Scotland and Wales, not to Northern Ireland. The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The UK has an ageing population. People in the UK are living longer than ever before.
There are responsibilities and freedoms which are shared by all those living in the UK. These include respecting the rights of others, including their right to their own opinions.
All dogs in public places must wear a collar showing the name and address of the owner.
Forced marriage is where one or both parties do not or cannot give their consent to enter into the partnership. This is a criminal offence in the UK.
The period of the Enlightenment saw many new ideas emerge, including the principle that everyone should have the right to their own political and religious beliefs and that the state should not try to dictate to them.
The monarch opens the new parliamentary session each year. It is one of a number of important ceremonial roles.
The Industrial Revolution refers to the rapid development of factory-based production in Britain from the mid-18th century.
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