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In AD 43 the Emperor Claudius led the Roman army in a new invasion. This time, there was resistance from some of the British tribes but the Romans were successful in occupying almost all of Britain. One of the tribal leaders who fought against the Romans was Boudicca, the queen of the Iceni in what is now eastern England. She is still remembered today and there is a statue of her on Westminster Bridge in London, near the Houses of Parliament.
Diwali is celebrated by Hindus and Sikhs. It celebrates the victory of good over evil and the gaining of knowledge.
The Channel Islands are not a part of the UK but are closely linked to it. They have their own governments and are called ‘Crown dependencies’.
Supporters of the king were known as Cavaliers and supporters of Parliament were known as Roundheads.
English settlers began to colonise the eastern coast of North America in the Elizabethan period.
The UK has a free press. This means that what is written in newspapers is free from government control.
The Speaker of the House of Commons is an MP elected by fellow MPs in a secret ballot. The Speaker is neutral and does not represent a political party, even though he or she is an MP.
Everyone has the legal right to choose their religion, or to choose not to practise a religion.
County Courts deal with a wide range of civil disputes. These include people trying to get back money that is owed to them, cases involving personal injury, family matters, breaches of contract, and divorce.
Isaac Newton was a famous scientist who developed our understanding of gravity.
Civil law is used to settle disputes between individuals or groups. Examples of civil law include housing law, employment law, consumer rights and laws related to the recovery of debt.
The Habeas Corpus Act was a major legal development ensuring that people could not be held prisoner without just cause.
In 2002 Winston Churchill (1874–1965), the British Prime Minister from 1940 until 1945, was voted the Greatest Briton of all time by the British public.
Since 1997, some power has been devolved from central government. In 1999 the Scottish Parliament and the Welsh Assembly were established, to give people in Scotland and Wales more control over matters directly affecting them.
The Reformation occurred across Europe against the Roman Catholic Church, which led to the establishment of Protestant churches.
Father’s Day occurs each year on the third Sunday of June. Children give cards or gifts to their fathers.
If an accused person is aged 10 to 17, the case is normally held in a Youth Court.
Citizens of the UK, the Irish Republic or the Commonwealth must be aged 18 or over to stand for public office.
Any man who forces a woman to have sex, including a woman’s husband, can be charged with rape.
Dundee and Aberdeen are cities in Scotland.
The jet engine and the radar were both developed in Britain in the 1930s.
The Mousetrap, a murder-mystery play by Dame Agatha Christie, has been running in the West End since 1952.
Haggis is a traditional Scottish food. It is a sheep’s stomach stuffed with offal, suet, onions and oatmeal.
The Laurence Olivier Awards take place annually and awards are given in a variety of categories, including best director, best actor and best actress.
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