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Stonehenge is a famous Stone Age site in Wiltshire. It was probably built as a place for religious ceremonies.
Scotland is a country of the UK, along with England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
In the UK, you must be at least 17 years old to drive a car or motor cycle and you must have a driving licence to drive on public roads.
During the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I, many people in Ireland opposed rule by the Protestant government in England. There were a number of rebellions. The English government encouraged Scottish and English Protestants to settle in Ulster, the northern province of Ireland, taking over the land from Catholic landholders. These settlements were known as plantations. Many of the new settlers came from south-west Scotland and other land was given to companies based in London. James later organised similar plantations in several other parts of Ireland. This had serious longterm consequences for the history of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The Black Death in 1348 was a plague that killed over one third of the population. It was one of the worst disasters ever to strike Britain.
To be able to vote in a parliamentary, local or European election, you must have your name on the electoral register. You can register by contacting your local council electoral registration office.
1 April is known as April Fool’s Day, when people play jokes on each other until midday.
Iron Age people spoke a Celtic-based language.
Towns, cities and rural areas in the UK are governed by democratically elected councils, often called ‘local authorities’. These are funded by money from central government and by local taxes.
The National Assembly for Wales is based in Cardiff, the capital city of Wales.
Northern Ireland and Scotland have their own banknotes which are valid everywhere in the UK.
From 1689 onwards there were two main groups in Parliament, known as the Whigs and the Tories.
The main political parties actively look for members of the public to join their debates, contribute to their costs, and help at elections.
Jane Austen was an English novelist who wrote many books, including Sense and Sensibility and Pride and Prejudice.
Sir Robert Walpole was the first person to use the term Prime Minister. He was Prime Minister from 1721 until 1742.
Snowdonia is a national park in North Wales. Its most well-known landmark is Snowdon, which is the highest mountain in Wales.
Easter and Christmas are two Christian festivals Christmas celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, and Easter marks his death on Good Friday and his rising from the dead on Easter Sunday.
MPs are elected at a General Election, which is held at least every five years.
Members of the public are not allowed in Youth Courts, and the name or photographs of the accused young person cannot be published in newspapers or used by the media.
Beowulf is an Anglo-Saxon poem, The Tyger is a poem by William Blake and She Walks in Beauty is a poem by Lord Byron.
Snowdonia is a national park in North Wales. Loch Lomond is in the Trossachs National Park in the west of Scotland.
Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown and Gertrude Jekyll designed gardens around country houses.
Elections for the European Parliament are held every five years. Elected members are called members of the European Parliament (MEPs).
Elizabeth managed her relationship with Parliament skilfully. Her successor James I and his son Charles I were far less skilful in their handling of Parliament.
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