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During the Great Depression of the 1930s many traditional heavy industries, such as shipbuilding, went into decline but new industries emerged and grew, such as aviation and the automobile industry.
Sir Edwin Lutyens was a famous 20th-century architect who designed the Cenotaph in Whitehall.
Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church of Rome when it refused him a divorce. He established his own church that became the Church of England.
Hadrian’s Wall was built on the orders of the Roman Emperor Hadrian to keep out the tribes who lived in what is today known as Scotland. Hadrian’s Wall is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
‘To be or not to be’ is a quotation from Hamlet, written by William Shakespeare.
There are several different parts of government in the UK, which include the cabinet and the civil service.
The Beveridge Report of 1942, called Social Insurance and Allied Services, set out ideas on how to fight the five evils of Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness.
In a Crown Court a judge decides the sentence when someone is found guilty.
The National Citizen Service programme is aimed at 16- and 17-year-olds. It gives them the opportunity to enjoy outdoor activities, develop their skills and take part in a community project.
In the 19th century, the medieval ‘gothic’ style became popular again. The Houses of Parliament and St Pancras Station were built at this time.
Welsh cakes are a traditional Welsh snack made from flour dried fruits and spices. Haggis is a traditional Scottish food made from a sheep’s stomach stuffed with offal, suet, onions and oatmeal.
The monarch is head of state of the UK, and all Acts of Parliament are made in the monarch’s name.
The Highland Clearances took place in Scotland when crofters were forced off their land to make way for sheep and cattle grazing.
You must be 17 or older to drive a motor cycle or car, and you must have a licence to drive on public roads.
Some powers have been devolved from central government to give people in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland more control over matters that directly affect them.
Women in Britain make up about half of the workforce. Employment opportunities for women are much greater than they were in the past.
The ending of the First World War on 11 November 1918 is still commemorated to this day.
During the 1960s (a period known as the ‘Swinging Sixties’), a number of social changes took place. Many social laws changed, for example, in regard to abortion and divorce.
To apply to become a UK citizen or permanent resident, you must be able to speak and read English and have a good understanding of life in the UK.
Boxing Day is the day after Christmas Day and is a bank holiday.
London hosted the 2012 Paralympic Games.
On average, girls leave school with better qualifications than boys. Also, more women than men study at university.
Cardiff, Swansea and Newport are all cities in Wales.
Pool is a traditional pub game, along with darts. Pub quizzes are also popular. Most communities have a local pub that is a natural focal point for social activities.
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