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A number of social changes were introduced before the First World War, including the state retirement pension and free school meals.
Charles Dickens wrote many famous novels, including Great Expectations and Oliver Twist.
Many theatres produce a pantomime at Christmas time. They are light-hearted plays with music and comedy, enjoyed by family audience.
General Elections in the UK are held at least every five years.
The National Trust in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the National Trust for Scotland, work to preserve important buildings, coastline and countryside.
Margaret Thatcher won her first General Election in 1979 and was re-elected in 1983 and 1987. She left office in 1990.
Entrance is free to watch debates at the Houses of Parliament. You can get a ticket from your local MP or queeue on th day.
There are public holidays each year, called bank holidays, when banks and many other businesses close for the day.
Sissinghurst is in England and Bodnant Garden is in Wales.
The Speaker is chosen by other members of Parliament (MPs) in a secret ballot. The Speaker’s role is to chair debates in the House of Commons.
The public in England and Wales elect Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs). The first elections for PCCs were held in November 2012.
Plymouth, Norwich and Leeds are cities in England.
Civil servants in the UK are politically neutral, and are not political appointees.
David Hockney was an important contributor to the ‘pop art’ movement of the 1960s. Henry Moore is famous for his abstract sculptures.
There are responsibilities and freedoms which are shared by all those living in the UK. These include looking after yourself and your family.
Volunteering is working for good causes without payment. There are many benefits to volunteering, including meeting new people and making your community a better place.
Sir Francis Drake was a famous Elizabethan sailor who took part in the defeat of the Spanish Armada and also successfully sailed around the world.
In 1066, William of Normandy invaded England and defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings.
Margaret Thatcher became Britain’s first woman Prime Minister in 1979 and won the next two elections in 1983 and 1987. She resigned as Prime Minister in 1990.
Northern Ireland has a system called ‘individual registration’, which means all those entitled to vote must complete their own registration form.
"The Dunkirk spirit" relates to the rescue of over 300,000 men from the beaches of Dunkirk in 1940. Many small boats, manned by volunteers, helped in the rescue.
Civil law cases relate to disputes between individuals or groups.
he House of Lords is normally more independent of government than the House of Commons.
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