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Civil servants in the UK are politically neutral, and are not political appointees.
Margaret Thatcher became Britain’s first woman Prime Minister in 1979 and won the next two elections in 1983 and 1987. She resigned as Prime Minister in 1990.
Sir Francis Drake was a famous Elizabethan sailor who took part in the defeat of the Spanish Armada and also successfully sailed around the world.
he House of Lords is normally more independent of government than the House of Commons.
In 1066, William of Normandy invaded England and defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings.
Plymouth, Norwich and Leeds are cities in England.
Sissinghurst is in England and Bodnant Garden is in Wales.
Entrance is free to watch debates at the Houses of Parliament. You can get a ticket from your local MP or queeue on th day.
There are responsibilities and freedoms which are shared by all those living in the UK. These include looking after yourself and your family.
The Speaker is chosen by other members of Parliament (MPs) in a secret ballot. The Speaker’s role is to chair debates in the House of Commons.
Volunteering is working for good causes without payment. There are many benefits to volunteering, including meeting new people and making your community a better place.
The National Trust in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the National Trust for Scotland, work to preserve important buildings, coastline and countryside.
A number of social changes were introduced before the First World War, including the state retirement pension and free school meals.
Northern Ireland has a system called ‘individual registration’, which means all those entitled to vote must complete their own registration form.
General Elections in the UK are held at least every five years.
David Hockney was an important contributor to the ‘pop art’ movement of the 1960s. Henry Moore is famous for his abstract sculptures.
Civil law cases relate to disputes between individuals or groups.
Charles Dickens wrote many famous novels, including Great Expectations and Oliver Twist.
Many theatres produce a pantomime at Christmas time. They are light-hearted plays with music and comedy, enjoyed by family audience.
"The Dunkirk spirit" relates to the rescue of over 300,000 men from the beaches of Dunkirk in 1940. Many small boats, manned by volunteers, helped in the rescue.
There are public holidays each year, called bank holidays, when banks and many other businesses close for the day.
The public in England and Wales elect Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs). The first elections for PCCs were held in November 2012.
Margaret Thatcher won her first General Election in 1979 and was re-elected in 1983 and 1987. She left office in 1990.
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