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The UK belongs to many International bodies including NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and the Commonwealth.
In 1996 Ian Wilmot and Keith Campbell led a team that first succeeded in cloning a mammal. In the 1960s James Goodfellow invented the cash machine.
A civil war known as the Wars of the Roses broke out in 1455 between supporters of the House of Lancaster and the House of York. It ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth, when King Richard III of the House of York was killed.
You have to pass both a theory and a practical driving test before you are given a full driving licence.
Dylan Thomas (1914–1953) was a Welsh poet and writers. One of his famous works is Under Milk Wood.
The Labour government that was elected in 1945 established the National Health Service (NHS) and a social security system for all.
During the Great Depression of the 1930s, parts of the UK suffered mass unemployment.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer is responsible for the economy, and is a member of the cabinet.
Getting into debt is a civil matter, dealt with by a Country Court or the small claims procedure.
Lewis Hamilton, Jensen Button and Damon Hill are all British winners of the Formula 1 World Championship.
If an MP dies or resigns, there will be a by-election in his or her constituency to elect a new MP.
UK-born and naturalised adult citizens, and citizens of the Commonwealth and Irish Republic who are resident in the UK, can vote in all UK elections. (Adult citizens of other EU states who are resident in the UK can vote in all elections except General Elections.
Solicitors are trained lawyers who give advice on legal matters. The Citizens Advice Bureau (CAB) can provide contact details of solicitors and the areas of law they specialise in.
Edinburgh Castle is in Edinburgh, Scotland, and dates back to the Middle Ages. The London Eye is a Ferris wheel on the bank of the River Thames.
American colonies declared their independece from Britain in 1776. The War of Independence lasted until 1783, when the colonists defeated the British army and Britain recognised army and Britain recognised American independence.
James VI of Scotland was a cousin of Queen Elizabeth. When she died without leaving an heir. James also became King James I of England.
When Adolf Hitler invaded Poland in 1939, Britain, alongside France, declared war on Germany to stop his aggression.
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland make up the UK.
Most people in the UK live in towns and cities, but much of Britain is still countryside.
You can see the Crown Jewels at the Tower of London. The Tower of London was first built by William the Conqueror after he became king in 1066.
People under 16 are not allowed to participate in the National Lottery.
You must be aged 18 or over to buy alcohol (people under 18 may be able to drink alcohol in pubs or restaurants if they are with someone over 18).
Recycle as much of your waste as you can, as this will reduce the amount of rubbish in landfill sites. Walking and using public transport creates less pollution than using a car.
The Wimbledon Championships are associated with tennis.
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