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In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, serious offences are tried in front of a judge and jury at a Crown Court. In Scotland, serious cases are heard in a Sheriff Court with either a sheriff Court with either a sheriff or a sheriff with a jury.
The Lake District is England’s largest national park, covering 885 square miles (2, 292 square kilometres).
The Education Act of 1944 (also known as the Butler Education Act after the Minister of Education at the time. R A Butler) introduced free secondary education for all and established a clear division between the primary and secondary phases of education.
In July 1916 the British suffered 60,000 casualties on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
The Huguenots were French Protestants who faced persecution in France so they escaped and came to England to live.
George Frederick Handel was born in Germany in 1695. He spent many years in the UK and became a British citizen in 1727.
Several British writers have won the Nobel Prize in Literature, including Sir William Golding, Seamus Heaney and Harold Pinter.
By 1400 the preferred language of the English court was English, which was also the language of official documents.
The monarch has regular meetings with the Prime Minister, and can advise, warn and encourage, but the decisions on government policies are made by the Prime Minister and cabinet.
Anyone on the electoral register aged between 18 and 70 can be asked to serve on a jury.
Proceedings in Parliament can be broadcast on television and reported in newspapers, and on the internet and radio.
Pressure groups are organisations which try to influence government policy. They play an important role in politics and the democratic process.
Popular English food include fish and chips, and roast beef which is served with potatoes, vegetables, Yorkshire puddings and other accompaniments.
St David, the patron saint of Wales, has a special day on 1 March. St Patrick, the patron saint of Northern Ireland (and the Republic of Ireland), has a special day on 17 March.
Henry VIII is famous for breaking away from the Catholic Church of Rome and marrying six times.
The capital city of Scotland is Edinburgh.
The television and jet engine are two of many important inventions by Britons in the 20th century.
Like the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man is a Crown dependency with its own government.
The Black Death in 1348 was a plague that killed over one third of the population. It was one of the worst disasters ever to strike Britain.
The Boer War took place in South Africa between the British army and the Boer settlers, who originally came from the Netherlands.
School governors and school boards have an important part to play in raising school standards. This includes setting the strategic direction of the school.
In the UK many people enjoy a gamble on sports or other events. You have to be over 18 to go into a betting shop or a gambling club.
The hovercraft was invented by Sir Christopher Cockerell and penicillin was discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming.
The Proms is an eight-week summer season of orchestral classical music. It has been organised by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) since 1927.
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