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D-Day refers to the allied invasion of Europe on 6 June 1944, which took place on the beaches of Normandy in France.
There are many principles included in the European Convention on Human Rights, including prohibition of slavery and forced labour, and the freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
Shakespeare is regarded by many as the greatest playwright of all time.
Football is the UK’s most popular sport. It has a long history in the UK, and the English Premier League attracts a huge international audience.
The Home Secretary is the government minister responsible for crime, policing and immigration.
Parliament eventually passed the Emancipation Act that abolished slavery in 1833. William Wilberforce played an important part in changing the law.
The modern game of golf can be traced back to Scotland in the 15th century.
Sir Chris Hoy is a Scottish cyclist who has won six gold and one silver Olympic medals. Dame Kelly Holmes is a runner who has won two Olympic gold medals.
Isambard Kingdom Brunei (1806–59) was a famous engineer, and Florence Nightingale (1820–1910) established a training school for nurses, the first of its kind.
There are a few members of Parliament (MPs) who do not represent any of the main political parties. They are called ‘independents’.
Political parties welcome new members. Members work hard to persuade people to vote for their candidates, for example, by handing out leaflets in the street or by knocking on people’s doors and asking for their support (this is called ‘canvassing’).
The Reform Act of 1832 increased the number of men who could vote. It also abolished many parliamentary seats where there were few voters (called rotten boroughs), and increased the number of seats in the new cities and towns.
The rule of law is a fundamental principle of British life. British society is founded on fundamental values and principles which all those living in the UK should respect and support.
Robert Burns is associated with Scotland. He was a poet. One of his best-known works is the song, Auld Lang Syne.
The phrase ‘rain stopped play’ is used in cricket. The phrase has now passed into everyday usage.
The capital city of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
Many local authorities appoint a mayor, who is the ceremonial leader of the council (However in some towns, a mayor is elected to be the effective leader of the administration.)
The Channel Islands are not a part of the UK but are closely linked to it. They have their own governments and are called ‘Crown dependencies’.
The Northern Ireland Assembly can make decisions on various issues, including agriculture and social services.
Baptists, Methodists and Quakers are Protestant Christian groups.
The UK National Anthem is called ‘God Save the Queen’ and is played at important national occasions and events attended by the Queen or the Royal Family.
Everyone over 75 years of age can apply for a free television licence. Everyone in the UK with a television, computer or other medium which can be used for watching TV must have a television licence.
Police officers must obey the law They must not be rude or abusive, make a false statement, misuse their authority, or commit racial discrimination.
The Bayeux Tapestry commemorates the victory of William of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
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