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The Tudor rose was a red rose with a white rose inside it, showing the alliance between the Houses of York and Lancaster, who had previously fought against each other.
The daffodil is the national flower of Wales, and is worn on St David’s Day.
Criminal laws related to crimes which are usually investigated by the police and punished by the courts.
On becoming a UK citizen or permanent resident you will be agreeing to respect the laws, values and traditions of the UK.
Australia and Canada are members of the Commonwealth. The Queen is the ceremonial head of the Commonwealth, which currently has 54 member states.
During the Middle Ages, English kings were involved in several Crusades in the Holy Land and took part in the Hundred Years War, which actually lasted 116 years.
There is no established Church in Wales or Northern Ireland. The official Church of state for the whole of the UK is the Church of England. Scotland also has a national Church, the Church of Scotland.
The king’s supporters during the Civil War were called Cavaliers. Those who supported the Parliamentary cause were called Roundheads.
The last Welsh rebellions were defeated by the middle of the 15th century.
The Battle of Britain was fought in the air above Britain in 1940. The Germans needed to take control of the skies over Britain before they could attempt a seaborne invasion.
County Courts deal with a wide range of civil disputes. These include people trying to get back money that is owed to them, cases involving personal injury, family matters, breaches of contract, and divorce.
Henry broke away from the Roman Catholic Church so he could divorce his wife Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn. He married six times in total and had one son.
Bobby Moore was the captain of the England football team that won the World Cup in 1966.
The capital city of the UK is London, which is in England.
The Church of Scotland is a Presbyterian Church, and it is Scotland’s national Church.
There are laws to ensure that people are not treated unfairly in any area of work or life because of their disability, marital status, age, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, or sexuality.
The term ‘suffragettes’ relates to those who wanted women to gain legal rights and the right to vote in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Diwali is celebrated by Hindus and Sikhs. It celebrates the victory of good over evil and the gaining of knowledge.
In the UK you can volunteer to donate your organs when you die, to help people in need of organ transplants.
Hadrian’s Wall was built on the orders of the Roman Emperor Hadrian to keep out the tribes who lived in what is today known as Scotland. Hadrian’s Wall is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Adult citizens of EU states (apart from the Republic of Ireland) who are resident in the UK can vote in all elections except General Elections.
The Commonwealth is based on the core values of democracy, good government and the rule of law.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer is responsible for the economy, and is a member of the cabinet.
St Helena is a British overseas territory and not a Crown dependency.
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